All Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh locations will be closed on Monday, September 1.
small text medium text large text

Tolkien, J. R. R.

  1. In Aldiss, Brian Billion Year Spree. Garden City, N.Y., Atheneum, 1986. pp. 260-264, plus see index.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  2. In Armitt, Lucie. Fantasy Fiction. New York : Continuum, 2005. pp. 60-70.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  3. In Asimov, Isaac. Asimov on Science Fiction. Garden City, N.Y. : Doubleday, 1981. pp. 276-280.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  4. In Attebery, Brian. Fantasy Tradition in America. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c1980. See index.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  5. Auden, W. H. "At the End of the Quest, Victory" In New York Times Book Review, January 22, 1956, pg. 5.
    Criticism -- Return of the King
  6. Auden, W. H. "The Hero is a Hobbit." In New York Times Book Review, October 31, 1954, pg. 37.
    Criticism -- Fellowship of the Ring
  7. Ballam, Julia. "Can Frodo Live Again?" In Times Literary Supplement (TLS), November 23, 1973, pp. 1427-1428.
    Criticism -- Works
  8. Barr, Donald. "The Shadowy World of Men and Hobbits." In New York Times Book Review, May 1, 1955, pg. 4.
    Criticism -- The Two Towers
  9. Barrett, William. "Ever-Ever Land." In Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 215, March, 1965, pp. 194-195.
    Criticism -- Tree amd the Leaf
  10. Beagle, Peter. "Tolkien's Magic Ring." In Holiday, Vol. 39, June, 1966, pp. 128, 130, 133-134.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  11. Blissett, William. "The Despots of the Rings." In South Atlantic Quarterly, Vol. 58, Summer 1959, pp. 448-456.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  12. In Bloom, Harold, ed. Modern Fantasy Writers. New York : Chelsea House Publishers, c1995. pp. 165-179.
    Criticism -- Works -- The Hobbit -- The Lord of the Rings -- The Silmarillion
  13. Bonjour, Andrien. "Crouching and Critics Rampant: Or the Beowulf Dragon Debated." In PMLA (Publications of the Modern Language Association , Vol. 68, 1953, pp. 304-312.
    Also at JSTOR.
    Literary Criticism -- Beowulf
  14. "Box of Spice" In Times Educational Supplement, November 24, 1967, pg. 1219.
    Criticism -- Smith of Wootton Major
  15. Brin, David. "J.R.R. Tolkien -- Enemy of Progress." In Salon.com, December 17, 2002. 4 pages. http://entertainment.salon.com/2002/12/17/tolkien_brin/.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  16. Brookhiser, Richard. "Kicking the Hobbit." In National Review, 12/9/1977, Vol. 29 Issue 48, pp. 1439-1440.
    Criticism -- The Silmarillion
  17. Buechner, Frederick. "For Devotees of Middle-Earth." In New York Times Book Review, November 16, 1980, pp. 15 +.
    Criticism -- Unfinished Tales of Númenor and Middle-Earth
  18. Caesar, Judith. "Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings and Dante's Inferno." In The Explicator Vol. 64, No. 3, Spring 2006, pg. 162.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  19. In Carpenter, Humphrey. Secret Gardens: the Golden Age of Children's Literature. Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 1985. pp. 16-17, 211-213.
    Criticism -- The Hobbit -- The Lord of the Rings
  20. In Clausen, Christopher. Moral Imagination [electonric resource] :Essays on Literature and Ethics. Iowa City : University of Iowa Press, 1986. pp. 86-109.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  21. In Clute, John, ed. Encyclopedia of Fantasy. New York : St. Martin's Griffin, 1999, c1998. pp. 950-955.
    Criticism -- Works -- The Lord of the Rings
  22. Colbath, Mary Lou. "Worlds as They Should Be: Middle-Earth, Narnia and Prydain." In Elementary English , Vol. 48, 1971, pp. 937-945.
    Criticism -- Works
  23. Conrad, Peter. "The Babbit." In New Statesman, September 23, 1977, pp 408-409. Microfilm #85.
    Criticism -- Silmarillion
  24. Coogan, Daniel. "Failing Fantasy, Tragic Fact." In America, November 5, 1977, pp. 315-316.
    Criticism -- Silmarillion
  25. Croft, Janet Brennan. "Beyond The Hobbit: J.R.R Tolkien's Other Works for Children." In World Literature Today, Vol. 78, No. 1, Jan-April 2004, pp 67 +.
    Criticism -- Works -- Children's Literature
  26. In Davie, Donald. Thomas Hardy and British Poetry. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c1980. pp. 94-98.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  27. Davis, L.J. "The Silmarillion." In New Republic, 10/1/77, Vol. 177 Issue 14, pp. 38-40.
    Criticism -- Silmarillion
  28. In Dickerson, Matthew. From Homer to Harry Potter. Grand Rapids, Mich. : Brazos Press, c2006. pp. 112-119, plus see index.
    Criticism -- Beowulf -- Works -- The Hobbit -- The Lord of the Rings
  29. Dreher, Rod. "Tolkien's Clash of Civilizations." National Review Online, December 18, 2002.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  30. Dubs, Kathleen. "Providence, Faith, and Chance: Boethian Philosophy in The Lord of the Rings." In Twentieth Century Literature, Volume 27, 1981, pp. 34-41.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  31. In Edwards, Malcolm. Realms of Fantasy. Garden City, N.Y. : Doubleday, 1983. pp. 11-22.
    Criticism -- Works -- The Hobbit -- The Lord of the Rings -- Silmarillion
  32. Ellmann, Mary. " The Silmarillion" (review). In Yale Review, Vol. 67, Summer 1978, pp. 596-597.
    Criticism -- The Silmarillion
  33. Epstein, E. L. "The Novels of J. R. R. Tolkien and the Ethnology of Medieval Christendom." In Philological Quarterly, V. 48, October 1969, pp. 517-525.
    Criticism -- Works
  34. Fifield, Merle. "Fantasy in and for the Sixties." In English Journal, Vol. 55, pp. 841-844.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  35. Forbes, Cheryl. "Frodo Decides-Or Does He?" In Christianity Today, Vol. 20, Dec. 19, 1975, pp. 10-13.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  36. Forest-Hill, Lynn. "Elves on the Avon: the Place of Medieval Warwick in J.R.R. Tolkien's Vision of Middle-Earth." In Times Literary Supplement (TLS), No. 5336, July 8, 2005, pp. 12-13.
    Criticism -- Works -- The Lord of the Rings
  37. In Fredericks, Casey. Future of Eternity. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c1982. pp. 38-39, 99-102, plus see index.
    Criticism -- Works -- The Lord of the Rings
  38. In Fuller, Edmund Books With Men Behind Them. New York, Random House, 1962. pp. 169-196.
    Criticism -- Works -- The Hobbit -- The Lord of the Rings
  39. Gardner, John. "World of Tolkien." In New York Times Book Review, October 23, 1977. pp. 1, 39-40.
    Criticism -- Silmarillion
  40. Glendinning, Victoria. "Lord of the Rings."In Times Literary Supplement (TLS), December 6, 1974, pg. 1384.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  41. Glover, Willis B. "The Christian Character of Tolkien's Invented World." In Criticism, Vol. 13, 1971, pp. 39-53.
    Criticism -- Christianity in Literature -- Works -- The Lord of the Rings
  42. In Grebstein, Sheldon Norman, ed. Perspectives in Contemporary Criticism. New York, Harper & Row, 1968. pp. 375-381.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  43. Halle, Louis J. "Flourishing Orcs." In Saturday Review, January 15, 1955, pp. 17-18.
    Criticism -- Fellowship of the Ring
  44. Halle, Louis J. "History Through the Mind's Eye." In Saturday Review, Vol. 39, January 28, 1956, pp. 11-12.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  45. Hayes, Noreen and Robert Renshaw. "Of Hobbits: The Lord of the Rings." In Critique, Volume IX, 1967, pp. 58-66.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  46. Hiley, Margaret. "Stolen Language, Cosmic Models: Myth and Mythology in Tolkien." In Modern Fiction Studies, Vol. 50, No. 4, Winter, 2004, pp. 838-860.
    Criticism -- Myth in Literature -- Works -- The Lord of the Rings -- Silmarillion
  47. Hodgart, Matthew. "Kicking the Hobbit. In New York Review of Books, Vol. 8, May 4, 1967, pp. 10-11.
    Criticism -- Works
  48. Hope, Francis. "Welcome to Middle Earth." In New Statesman, Vol. 72, November 11, 1966, pp. 701-702. Microfilm #85.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  49. In Hunt, Peter. Alternative Worlds in Fantasy Fiction. London ; New York : Continuum, 2001. pp. 13-14, 32-34.
    Criticism -- Works -- The Hobbit
  50. Huxley, Francis. "The Endless Worm." In New Statesman, Vol. 50, Nov. 5, 1955, pp 587-588. Microfilm #85.
    Criticism -- Return of the King
  51. Irwin, W.R. "There and Back Again: the Romances of Williams, Lewis, and Tolkien. In Sewanee Review, Vol. 69, Autumn 1961, pp. 566-578.
    Criticism -- Works
  52. Kiely, Robert. "Middle Earth." In Commentary, February, 1967, pp. 134-136.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  53. Lentricchia, Frank. "Some Coordinates of Modern Literature." In Poetry, April, 1966, pp. 65-67.
    Criticism -- "Tree and Leaf"
  54. In Lewis, C. S. On Stories and Other Essays on Literature. New York : Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, c1982. pp. 81-91.
    Criticism -- The Hobbit -- The Lord of the Rings
  55. Lewis, C. S. "A World for Children." In Times Literary Supplement (TLS), October 2, 1939, pg. 714.
    Criticism -- The Hobbit
  56. Lobdell, Jared. "Words That Sound Like Castles." In National Review, Vol. 19, September 5, 1967, pp. 972-974.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  57. In Lochhead, Marion. Renaissance of Wonder. San Francisco : Harper & Row, 1980, c1977. pp. 101-125, plus see index.
    Criticism -- The Hobbit -- The Lord of the Rings
  58. In Lurie, Alison. Don't Tell the Grown-ups: Subversive Children's Literature. Boston : Little, Brown, c1990. pp. 157-159, 166-167, plus see index.
    Criticism -- Works -- The Hobbit
  59. In Magill, Frank, ed. Critical Survey of Long Fiction. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Salem Press, c1983. pp. 2635-2647.
    Criticism -- Works
  60. Mars-Jones, Adam. "Hobbit Forming." In Guardian Unlimited, January 1, 1998. http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/1998/jan/01/jrrtolkien.classics.
    Criticism -- Roverandom
  61. Matthewson, Joseph. "The Hobbit Habit." In Esquire, Vol. 66, September 1966, pp. 130+.
    Criticism -- Works
  62. Merritt, Stephanie. "No Sex Please, We're Hobbits. In Guardian Unlimited, Sunday 7 December 2003. http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2003/dec/07/lordoftherings.jrrtolkien
    Criticism -- Women in Literature -- Works
  63. Mitchison, Naomi. "One Ring to Bind Them." In New Statesman, Vol. 48, September 18, 1954, pg. 331.
    Criticism -- Fellowship of the Ring
  64. In Moorman, Charles. Precincts of Felicity. Gainesville, University of Florida Press, 1966. pp. 86-100, plus see index.
    Criticism -- Works -- St. Augustine -- The City of God -- Lord of the Rings
  65. Norman, Philip. "The Prevalence of Hobbits." In New York Times Magazine, January 15, 1967, pp. 30-31+.
    Criticism -- Works
  66. Northrup, Clyde. "The Qualities of a Tolkienian: Fairy-story." In Modern Fiction Studies, Vol. 50, No. 4, Winter 2004, pp. 814-842.
    Criticism -- Works -- Fairies in Literature
  67. Obertino, James. "Tolkien's The Fellowship of the Ring." In Explicator, Summer 1996, Vol. 54 Issue 4, pp. 230-233.
    Criticism -- The Fellowship of the Ring
  68. O'Hehir, Andrew. "The Book of the Century." In Salon.com, June 4, 2001. http://entertainment.salon.com/2001/06/04/tolkien_3/.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  69. Parker, Douglass. "Hwaet We Holbytla." In Hudson Review, Vol. 9, Winter 1956-1957, pp. 598-609.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  70. In Pringle, David. Modern Fantasy. New York : Peter Bedrick Books, 1989, c1988. pp. 60-61.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  71. Raiche, Donald. "Making the Darkness Conscious: J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings." In Parabola, Vol. 29, No. 3, Fall 2004, p95-101.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  72. Rearick, Andrew. "Why is the Only Good Orc a Dead Orc? The Dark Face of Racism Examined in Tolkien's World." In Modern Fiction Studies, Vol 50, No. 4, Winter 2004, pp. 861-874.
    Criticism -- Racism in Literature -- Works -- Lord of the Rings
  73. Renshaw, Robert and Noreen Hayes. "Of Hobbits: The Lord of the Rings." Critique, Vol. 9, 1967, pp. 58-69.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  74. Resnik, Henry. "The Hobbit-Forming World of J.R.R. Tolkien." In Saturday Evening Post, 7/2/1966, Vol. 239, Issue 14, pp. 90-94.
    Criticism -- The Hobbit -- Lord of the Rings
  75. In Rottensteiner, Franz. Fantasy Book. New York : Collier Books, 1978. pp. 96-98.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  76. Russell, James. "Fantasies Conjured from War". In New Leader, Vol. 87, No. 3, May/June 2004, pp 15+.
    Criticism -- Works -- Lord of the Rings
  77. Sale, Roger. "England's Parnassus: C. S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and J. R. R. Tolkien." In Hudson Review, Vol. 17, 1964, pp. 215 -225.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  78. In Sale, Roger. Modern Heroisim . Berkeley, University of California Press, 1973. See index.
    Criticism -- Works
  79. Sklar, Robert. "Tolkien and Hesse: Top of the Pops." In Nation, Vol. 204, May 1967, pp. 598-601. Microfilm #215.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings -- Hesse, Hermann
  80. Spacks, Patricia M. "'Ethical Pattern' in The Lord of the Rings." In Critique, Volume III, Spring, 1959, pp. 30-42.
    Criticism -- The Lord of the Rings
  81. Stein, Ruth. "The Changing Style in Dragons." In Elementary English, Vol. 45, February 1968, pp. 181-183.
    Criticism -- Works
  82. Stevens, CJ. "Sound Systems of the Third Age of Middle Earth." In Quarterly Journal of Speech, Vol. 54, October 1968, pp. 232-240. Microfilm #744.
    Criticism -- Works -- Imaginary Languages in Literature
  83. Stewart, Douglas. "The Hobbit War." In Nation, Vol. 205, Oct 9, 1967, pp. 332-335. Microfilm #215.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  84. Straight, Michael. "The Fantastic World of Professor Tolkien." In New Republic, January 16, 1956, pp. 24-26. Microfilm #240.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  85. Taylor, William R. "Frodo Lives: J. R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rigns." In English Journal, Vol. 56, September 1967, pp. 818-821.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  86. Timmerman, John. "Tolkien's Crucible of Faith: The Subcreation." In Christian Century, Vol. 91, June 5, 1974, pp. 608-611.
    Criticism -- Works
  87. "Tree and the Leaf" (book review). In Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 215, No. 3, March 1965, pp 194-195.
    Criticism -- Tree and the Leaf
  88. Turner, Jenny. "Reasons for Liking Tolkien." In Times Literary Supplement (TLS), 11/15/2001, Vol. 23, Issue 22, pp. 15-24.
    Criticism -- Works
  89. In Waggoner, Diana. Hills of Faraway. New York : Atheneum, 1978. pp. 40-45.
    Criticism -- The Hobbit -- The Lord of the Rings
  90. Wilson, A. N. "Beyond the Misty Mountains." In Spectator, Vol. 247, No. 7992, Sept. 12, 1981, pp. 17-18.
    Criticism -- Works
  91. In Wilson, Colin. Strength to Dream. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1962. pp. 145-148.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  92. In Wilson, Edmund. The Bit Between My Teeth. New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1965. pp. 326-332.
    Criticism -- Works -- The Lord of the Rings
  93. Wilson, Edmund. "Oo Those Awful Orcs!" In Nation, Vol. 182, April 14, 1956, pp. 332-336. Microfilm #215. (Reprinted in The Bit Between My Teeth), above.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  94. Wood, Ralph. "'Frodos Faith." In The Christian Century, Vol. 120, No. 18, Sept 6, 2003, pg. 20 +.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  95. Wood, Ralph. "'Traveling the One Road': The Lord of the Rings as a Pre-Christan Classic," In The Christian Century, Vol. 110, No. 6, Feb. 24, 1993, pp. 208-11.
    Criticism -- Lord of the Rings
  96. Yatt, John. "Wraiths and Race." In The Guardian, December 2, 2002. http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2002/dec/02/jrrtolkien.lordoftherings.
    Criticism -- Racism in Literature -- Lord of the Rings
  97. Youlton, John. "In the Soup." In Kenyon Review, Vol. 27, 1965, pp. 8-9. Microfilm # 613.
    Criticism -- "Tree and Leaf"
  98. Zaleski, Carol. "Habits of Hobbits." b>In The Christian Century, Vol. 120, No. 12, June 14, 2003, pg 37.
    Criticism -- Christianity in Literature -- Lord of the Rings
  99. In Zipes, Jack, editor. Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2000. pp. 525-526.
    Criticism -- The Hobbit -- Lord of the Rings

Click here for other critical works on this author.